Type 1 vs. Type 2

Type 1 Diabetes

Type 2 Diabetes

You have this when: Your body makes too little or no insulin Your body can still produce insulin but does not use it properly (insulin resistance)
Diagnosis: Genetic, environmental and auto-immune factors Genetic, obesity (central adipose), physical inactivity, high/low birth weight, poor placental growth, metabolic syndrome
Warning Signs: Increased thirst & urination, constant hunger, weight loss, blurred vision and extreme tiredness Feeling tired or ill, frequent urination (especially at night), unusual thirst,weight loss, blurred vision, frequent infections and slow wound healing, asymptomatic
Onset: Rapid (weeks) – often present acutely with ketoacidosis Slow (years)
Target Groups: Children/teens Adults, elderly, ethnic groups
Common physical attributes: Mostly Normal or Thin Mostly Overweight or Obese
Affected age group: Below age 40 (Type 1 can affect at any age) Until recently, only type 1 diabetes was common in children – most children who have Type 2 diabetes have a family history of diabetes, are overweight, and are not very physically active
Cure: None Physical exercise, healthy loss of weight & diet control
Treatment: Insulin injections, dietary plan, regular check up of blood sugar levels, daily exercise Diet, exercise, weight loss, and in many cases medication. Insulin injections may also be used, self-monitored blood glucose testing
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